A term used for cultural, racial or ethnic group who spoke or speak Semitic languages is called Semites, Semitic tribe or Semitic culture. But in archaeology however, this term is used informally sometimes as a kind of shorthand for ancient Semitic speaking individuals.
Carleton S. Coon has presented a racialist classification that Semitic tribe were deemed to be members of Caucasian race that also has the same appearance to its neighboring Northwest, Indo-European, Kartvelian and Berber speaking peoples of the said region. Since the language studies are interwoven with cultural studies, the term has came to describe religions and even Semitic speaking ethnicities and histories as well that are associated by linguistic distribution and close geographic.
As a matter of fact, some genetic studies that were done recently uncovered that they have a common ancestry. Despite the fact that there’s no significant common mitochondrial outcomes have been discovered, the Y-chromosome links between Semitic speaking individuals of the Middle East (M.E) such as Hebrews, Arabs, Samaritans, Assyrians and Mandaenas showed links despite the differences contributed from the other groups.
DNA study of Palestinian Arabs and Jews including Bedouins have uncovered that these were related closely to each other than those of the Ethiopian Semitic tribe, Arabian Peninsula and Arabic speakers of the North Africa.
With a genetic study done, it has showed that the modern Jews similar to Mizrahi, Sephardic and Ashkenazi, Arabs, Assyrians, Levantine, Maronites, Samaritans, Mandaeans, Mhallami and Maronites have an ancient indigenous common near the eastern heritage which may be mapped genetically to the ancient Fertile Crescent but is normally displaying DNA profiles that are distinct from each other which indicates unique histories of such individuals.
Semitic languages of Semitic tribe are actually branch of Afroasiatic language that’s operating in M.E. Such languages are spoken by more than 330 million people across North Africa, Western Asia as well as the Horn of Africa and also, even in the big expatriate communities in Europe and North America with smaller communities found in Central Asia as well as Caucasus.
There are actually a number of proposed locations as feasible sites for the prehistoric origins of the Semitic tribe including The Levant, Arabian Peninsula, North Africa and Mesopotamia with most recent Bayesian studies which indicate Semitic Originated in Levant Circa around 3800 BC and later introduced to Horn of Africa in around 800 BC.
The Semitic languages of Semitic tribe were spoken around much of Asia Minor and M.E during Iron and Bronze age, the earliest attested was in East Semitic Akkadian of Mesopotamian as well as the South Eastern Anatolian polities of Assyria, Babylonia and Akkad and the East Semitic Eblaite language of kingdom of Ebla in North Eastern Levant.